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iPRoBe stands for "Integrated Pattern Recognition and Biometrics". Researchers in the lab - consisting of students, post-doctoral candidates, research associates and faculty - conduct research in the field of biometrics and pattern recognition. The lab's director is Dr. Arun Ross.
The IPRoBe Lab was first established in West Virginia University. Currently, the iPRoBe Lab is located in Michigan State University, East Lansing (USA). Some of the researchers in the lab are affiliated with the Department of Computer Science and Engineering at MSU while others are affiliated with the Lane Department of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering at WVU.
Broadly speaking, pattern recognition involves the automatic categorization of data. For example, pattern recognition can be used to classify digital photographs into multiple categories such as faces, buildings, mountains, etc. It can also be used to identify trends in the financial market or discover patterns in energy consumption. Pattern recognition principles are used extensively in bioinformatics, biometrics, search engines, astronomy, natural language processing, etc.
Biometrics is the science of establishing human identity based on the physical or behavioral traits of an individual. These traits include face, fingerprint, iris, hand geometry, gait, voice, etc. In its simplest form, biometrics involves comparing a pair of biometric signals (such as two iris images) and determining the probability that they belong to the same individual.