Chapter 5: Additional Biometric Traits

Every biometric system relies on one or more biometric modalities. The choice of modality is a key driver of how the system is architected, how it is presented to the user, and how match vs. nonmatch decisions are made. Understanding particular modalities and how best to use the modalities is critical to overall system effectiveness.
Whither Biometrics Committee, National Research Council, 2010

Samples Exercises (to be posted)

Lecture Slides (to be posted)

Related Books

B. Bhanu and H. Chen, Human Ear Recognition by Computer, Springer, 2008.

M. Nixon, T. Tan, and R. Chellappa, Human Identification Based on Gait, Springer, 2006.

Additional References


K. Chang, K. Bowyer, S. Sarkar, and B. Victor, "Comparison and combination of ear and face images in appearance-based biometrics", IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Vol. 25, pp. 11601165, 2003. [pdf]

D. Hurley, M. Nixon, and J. Carter, "Force field feature extraction for ear biometrics", Computer Vision and Image Understanding, Vol. 98, No. 3, pp. 491512, 2005. [pdf]


J. Han and B. Bhanu, "Individual recognition using gait energy image", IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Vol. 28, No. 2, pp. 316322, 2006. [pdf]

Hand geometry

N. Duta, "A survey of biometric technology based on hand shape", Pattern Recognition, Vol. 42, pp. 27972806, 2009. [pdf]

A. Kumar, D. C. M. Wong, H. C. Shen, and A. K. Jain, "Personal authentication using hand images", Pattern Recognition Letters, Vol. 27, pp. 14781486, 2007. [pdf]

Soft biometrics

U. Park and A. K. Jain, "Face matching and retrieval using soft biometrics", IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 406415, 2010. [pdf]